ATTEMPT: When the
livestock crosses the plane of the obstacle.
AWAY OR AWAY TO ME: The
traditional command that sends the dog in a counter-clockwise movement around
BACK OUT, GET BACK : A
command that sends (widens) the dog out in a flank or on an outrun. Used in
conjunction with your stock stick to keep the dog farther away from the stock as
BALANCE: The point, usually
opposite the handler, in which the dog has the most influence on the stock, to
control the behavior of the stock and move them in the desired direction.
COME-BYE/GO-BYE: A command
to move the dog clockwise around the livestock - to circle to the left.
COURSE: A designated pattern
of obstacles through which a handler directs the dog.
DISQUALIFIED: A Judge's
decision to end the run because the dog has attacked or attempted to attack a
person. A dog which is disqualified is no longer eligible to enter any AKC
event, and the dog is not eligible to be entered unless and until, following
application by the owner to The American Kennel Club, the owner has received
official notification that the dog's eligibility has been reinstated.
DRIVING: Moving the stock
away from the handler. When driving, the dog is usually positioned between the
stock and the handler.
EXCUSE: A Judge's decision
to end the run because the dog is attacking or attempting to attack the stock or
gripping abusively. A separate report is made to AKC when a dog is excused. When
a dog has been excused three times, the owner is advised by AKC that the dog is
no longer eligible to be entered in AKC Herding events until the dog has been
FETCHING: Moving the stock
toward the handler. When fetching, the dog is usually positioned so that the
stock are between it and the handler.
FLANKING: Circling the sheep
from the right or left to keep them in a group or change their direction.
FLIGHT ZONE: An invisible
area around a group of stock into which a dog cannot pass without causing the
stock to feel threatened and attempt to escape from the dog.
FLOCKING: The tendency of
the stock to instinctively cluster together in a compact group that functions as
a unit. Generally, cattle do not have a strong flocking tendency.
GATHER: The dog collects the
sheep from their scattered grazing positions into a compact group.
GET OUT: A command used to
tell the dog to turn away from his/her stock, move out (farther away), and then
turn to face them after having moved. This command is used to take the pressure
off the stock.
GO BYE OR COME BYE: The
traditional command that sends the dog in a clockwise movement around the
GRAZE: Allowing the stock
time to settle and feed in a designated area.
HANDLER'S POST: Point at
which the handler and dog begin the run.
HEAVY STOCK: Stock that
requires a great deal of pressure from the dog in order to be moved.
HERDING INSTINCT: The
inherited balance in a dog's temperament, between the predatory drive and the
dog's submission to its master. The stronger the herding instinct, the stronger
must be the desire to comply with the commands of the handler.
HOLDING PEN: The pen on the
outside of the course where the stock are kept before and after their use on the
LIE DOWN: The dog should lie
down and not get up until given another command.
LIFT: The moment the dog
reaches the opposite side of the stock and moves them directly toward the
handler. Also, the moment between the outrun and start of the fetch.
LIGHT STOCK: Stock that are
moved with slight pressure from the dog and have a flight zone a substantial
distance from them.
LOOK BACK: A command given
to make the dog stop, turn around and look behind him/her to look for livestock
that have been missed.
OBSTACLES: Objects placed in
strategic locations to make up a trial course.
OFF CONTACT: When the dog
loses control of the stock, either by being too far away or by losing
OUTRUN/CAST: The dog runs in
an arc to move from the handler to the balance point on the far side of the
stock in order to move the stock back to the handler. A pear-shaped or
semi-circular course taken by the dog to get to the far side of the flock
without alarming them.
PEN/RE-PEN: To put the stock
into a specified holding area.
PENALTIES (To be noted in
the Judges' Book):
PRESSURE POINT: The exact
position and distance the dog needs to be at in order to move livestock in the
desired direction. This position is directly influenced by the livestock's
natural inclination to be drawn to the pen from which they were released, a gate
to pasture, a known food source, other livestock or a water source if they are
influence of the dog's presence on the stock. The authority of the dog's
character. The extent of this latent force within a dog will determine the
behavior of stock and their flight zone for that particular dog.
READ: The ability of the
handler to understand and anticipate the thoughts of the stock and/or the dog in
order to maintain control over both. The ability of the dog to anticipate the
behavior of the stock.
REMOVE FROM THE RING: A
Judge's decision to end the run because the dog is lame, sick, unproductive,
RETIRE: At the request of
the handler, the run is ended.
RUN: Each individual dog's
SETTLE: Allowing the stock
time to calm and adjust to the situation.
SHED: The dog separating the
livestock and holding a group or individual for a specific length of time.
Separating certain animals from the flock or herd.
STAND OR STOP OR THERE: The
dog should stop moving, but remain on his/her feet.
TAKE TIME, EASY, SLOW DOWN:
A command given to slow the dog down.
TENDING: The supervision of
the flock by the dog while the flock is grazing. A style of herding used when
pastures are unfenced and the dog serves as a living fence.
THAT WILL DO: The command
releasing the dog from his work.
WALK ON: A command for the
dog to walk toward the sheep.
Walk Up: A command given for
the dog to walk in a direct line straight to the stock from wherever she or he
WATCH’EM, WATCH YOUR
SHEEP/COWS/DUCKS: Command given to get the dog to pay attention to the
WAY TO ME: A command to move
the dog counter-clockwise around the livestock - to circle to the right.
WEARING: When the dog holds
the flock up against the handler by running back and forth on the opposite side.
The dog will bring the sheep after the handler wherever the handler walks
without additional commands. It is also used to mean holding back animals that
have been separated from the main flock.