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I have spent hundreds of hours over the past 20 years compiling and creating the health information shown on this page...and I'm always looking for more!  A lot of the information has been gathered from various poison control websites in order to present as complete a list as possible and links to other website pages are given whenever possible and I hope you find them helpful and easy to use.  I have a lot of people asking if they can copy this page...I prefer that you do not copy, transfer, or download the content of these pages onto another website because then I have no control over how up to date your copy would be.  If you wish to link to this page, please let me know so that I can send you the proper link information.  Having said that, I always welcome additional information to be added to the page, and feedback and comments are always welcome.  Thank you for your co-operation...I will happily share this information with anyone!  I hope that no one reading this page ever needs the information, but if you do, I hope this will be of some help!

The following is a list of plants and other toxins known to be poisonous to dogs (and cats too!).  In the case of plants some poisonous parts may only be the seeds or leaves or roots. In all cases, use extreme caution and keep your pets away from these plants. If you cannot supervise your pets in your garden, replant with safe non-toxic plants. As with most things there are a lot of other factors that contribute to the toxicity of the plants, age & size of the animal, how much of the plant they ingest, where the plant is in it's "growing" stage.  Also please read "Algae Toxicity Killing Dogs"...click on the link for a "word" download, or here for a pdf document (you must have Adobe Reader to open a pdf document).

Puppies, at least most of them, chew just about anything especially when they are teething and therefore are at far greater risk of poisoning. Also some dogs love to chew plants as well as the grasses they will chew for medicinal purposes, you must watch carefully to determine the habits of your particular pet!

Some of the toxic plants listed below will cause nothing more than a rash or itchiness but some will cause much more severe reactions (eg. swelling of the face and throat) just by your dog coming in contact with them. This can quickly become fatal depending on the amount of swelling…a quick trip to your vet is still the best idea if you see any swelling or know that your pet has ingested any of these plants.

Ascertaining the cause of poisoning is always very difficult so make sure that you take along stool &/or vomit samples for your vet and, if possible, the plant or pieces of it that the dog has ingested…try and find the leaves, twigs or berries that have been chewed. This could make a difference between life and death for your furfriend! Dogs usually will not chew on a toxic plant because they are not generally appealing but if you ever do have a dog poisoned by plants remove the plant from your property to prevent a repeat of the problem.

Ask your local veterinarian and/or nursery for more information. For plants with a number (ex. *3) beside them, please see the legend below for the most commonly known toxic effect. If you have anything, plants or otherwise, that you can add to this list, please send me an e-mail.

Also, please read our page Are you feeding your dog "Death In A Bag"? for more information about pet foods and the huge recall on hundreds of pet foods in early 2007.

Plants & other growing things:   (updated 8 August 2010)

 

Aconite

Adam And Eve

African Blood Lily

African Blue Lily

African Evergreen

African Hemp

African Milk Bush

Agapanthus

Alder Buckthorn

Alfalfa (mainly cats)

Almond *4

Alocasia / Caladium

Aloe - A. Barbadensis

Aloe Vera

Alsike Clover

Amaryllis *4

American Bittersweet

American Elder

American Holly

American Mistletoe / Phoradendron

American Rubber Plant

American Yew *4

Ampelopsis

Andromeda Japonica

Anemone

Angel's Trumpet

Anthurium

Apple (seeds, leaves & stems)

Apple Leaf Croton

Apple-Of-Peru

Apricot *1 & *4

Aralia

Arnica Root

Arrowgrass

Arrowhead Vine *3

Asian Lily (Liliaceae)

Asparagus

Asparagus Fern *4

Astragalus

Atamasco Lily

Australian Nut

Australian Umbrella Tree

Autumn Crocus / Colchicum Autumnale

Autumn Scilla

Autumn Skullcap

Avocado (fruit and pit)

Azalea *4

Baby Rubber Plant

Baby's Breath

Balsam

Balsam Pear *4

Baneberry

Baptisia

Barley

Basket Flower

Bayonet

Bean Boad

Beargrass

Bearsfoot Hellebore

Beech

Belladonna

Benjamin Tree

Be-Still-Tree

Bird Of Paradise *4

Bird Rape

Birdsfoot

Bitter Gourd

Bittersweet / Celastrus

Bittersweet Woody *1

Black Cherry

Black Henbane

Black Jetbead

Black Locust *4

Black Nightshade

Black Oak

Black Walnut

Blackberry Lily

Black-Eyed Susan

Bladder Pod

Bleeding Heart

Blood Lily

Bloodroot

Blue Cardinalflower

Blue Cohosh

Blue Devil

Blue Flag Iris

Blue Squill

Bluebead-Lily

Bluebonnet

Blueweed

Bog Laurel

Boston Ivy *3

Bouncing Bet

Box Thorn

Boxwood

Bracken

Bracken Fern

Branching Ivy

Broad Beans

Brocolli (in large amounts)

Broom Snakeweed

Buckeye (Horse Chestnuts) *4

Buckeye Bottlebrush

Buckeye California

Buckthorn

Buckwheat (plant stalks/leaves) *1 & *8

Buddist Pine

Buffalo Bur

Buffalo Nut

Bulbous Buttercup

Bur Buttercup

Burke's Lupine

Burning Bush

Buttercup *7

Butterfly Weed

Cactus

Caladium/ Alocasia *3

Caley Pea

California Bluebell

California Rose-Bay

Calla Lily

Canada Nettle

Canada Yew

Canadian Milk-Vetch

Candelabra Aloe

Candelabra Cactus

Caper Spurge

Cardinal Flower

Cardinal Spear

Carnation

Carolina Allspice

Carolina Cherry Laurel

Carolina Jessamine

Cassava

Castor Bean *1

Castor Oil Plant

Celandine

Celery-Leaved Buttercup

Century Plant

Ceriman

Chalice Vine

Charming Dieffenbachia

Chenile Plant

Cherokee-Bean

Cherry (most forms) *4

Chigger Plant

China Tree

Chinaberry *6

Chincherinchee

Chinese Bellflower

Chinese Evergreen

Chinese Lantern

Chinese Scholar Tree

Chinese Yam

Chives

Chlorine Lepidella

Chokecherry

Christmas Cactus

Christmas Flower

Christmas Rose / Helleborus Niger

Chrysanthemum *2

Churee

Cineria

Cinnamon Vine

Clematis

Climbing Nightshade

Climbing Onion

Clintonia

Clivia

Clove Pinks

Clover

Coastal Leucothe

Cockle Burr

Cockle Corn

Cocoa Bean

Cocoa Mulch

Coffeeweed

Coleus

Colorado Rubberweed

Comfrey

Common Ivy

Common Poppy

Common Spiderwort

Coontie

Coral Bean

Coralberry

Cordatum

Coriaria *6

Corn

Corn Cockle

Corn Plant (aka Cornstalk Plant)

Corn Poppy

Cornflower

Corsican Hellebore

Corydalis

Cow Cockle

Cowbane

Cow-Itch

Cowslip / Marsh Marigold

Crab’s Eyes

Creeping Charlie *4

Creeping Cucumber

Creeping Fig *2

Creeping Spurge

Crinum Lily

Crocus

Crocus Autumn

Crotalaria

Croton

Crowfoot

Crown Of Thorns / Euphorbia Milii

Crown Vetch

Cuban Laurel

Cuban Lily

Cuckoo Pint

Curly Dock

Cutleaf Phiodendron (Aka Ceriman)

Cycads

Cyclamen

Cypress Spurge

Daffodil *1

Dahlia

Daphne

Datura (Angel's Trumpets)

Day Lily

Dead Man’s Hand

Deadly Galernia

Deadly Nightshade

Death Angel

Death Angel Mushrooms

Death Camas

Death Cap Mushrooms

Decentrea

Delphinium *1

Destroying Angels

Devil’s Backbone

Devil’s Ivy

Devil’s Snuff Box

Devil’s Trumpet

Devil’s Walking Stick

Dicentra (Bleeding Heart)

Dieffenbachia / Dumb Cane

Disporum

Dock

Dogbane

Dog Hobble

Dolichos Bean

Doll’s-Eyes

Dologeton

Donkeytail

Downy Thornapple

Dracaena (All Types)

Dracaena Palm

Dragon Bones

Dragon Tree

Drooping Leucothoe

Drunk Cane *3

Dumb Cane

Dutchman's Breeches *7

Dwarf Poinciana

Earthball

Earthstart Scleroderma

Easter Lily *

Eastern Redcedar

Eggplant

Elaine

Elderberry

Elephant Ear *4

Emerald Duke *3

Emerald Feather (Aka Emerald Fern)

Emerald Fern

English Bean

English Bluebell

English Holly *4

English Ivy

English Laurel

English Yew *4

Ergot

Eucalyptus

Euonymus Japonicus / Japanese Euonymus

Euphorbium

European Bittersweet Vine

European Buckthorn

European Elder

European Spindletree

Evergreen

Everlasting Pea

Eyebane

Fairy Lily

Fall Poison

False Cactus

False Hellebore

False Indigo

False Jessamine

False Morels

False Poinciana

False Ragweed

Fava Bean

February Daphne

Ferns

Fetterbush

Fiddleheads

Fiddle-Leaf Fig

Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron

Fiddleneck

Field Horsetail

Finger Tree

Fire Cherry

Firecracker Plant

Fishtail Plam

Five-Hooked Bassia

Flamingo Lily

Flamingo Plant/Flower

Flax

Florida Arrowroot

Florida Beauty

Florida Leucothoe

Florist’s Calla

Flowering Spurge

Fly Agaric

Fly Honeysuckle

Four O'Clock

Foxglove *1

French Hydrangea

Fritillaria

Fruit Salad Plant

Fruit Seeds &/Or Pits

Garden Calla

Garden-Sorrel

Garland Flower Dahne

Garlic (In Larger Doses)

Gas Plant

Gemmed Amanita

Geranium

German Ivy

Giant Dumb Cane

Giant Dumbcane

Giant Hogweed

Gill-Over-The-Ground

Ginger Lily

Glacier Ivy

Gladiolas

Glocal Ivy *4

Glory Lily

Goat’s Rue

Gold Dieffenbachia

Gold Dust Dracaena

Golden Chain Tree

Golden Club

Golden Deiffenbachia

Golden Fowl

Golden Glow

Golden Hurricane Lily

Golden Pothos

Golden Seal

Golden Spider Lily

Golden Bean

Golden Trumpet

Good Luck Pland

Gopher Purge

Grapes & Raisins (all kinds)

Grass Pea

Greasewood

Great Lobelia

Greater Celandine

Green Dragon

Green Gill

Green Gold Nephthysis

Green Tansy Mustard

Green-Spored Parasol

Grevilles “Robyn Gordon”

Ground Cherry *1

Ground Ivy

Groundsel

Guelder-Rose

Gum

Hahn's Self Branching English Ivy

Hairy Vetch

Halogeton

Hashish

Heart Ivy *4

Heart’s A Bustin’

Heartland Philodendron

Heartleaf Philodendron

Heart-Leaved Philodendron

Heavenly Bamboo Shrub

Hedera Helix

Heliotrope

Hellebo

Hellebore

Hemlock, Poison

Hemlock, Water

Hemp

Hemp Dogbane

Henbane

Hercules’ Club

Holly Shrub

Holly/American

Honeysuckle

Hops

Horse Chestnut (Buckeye) *4

Horse Nettle

Horse Radish

Horsebeans

Horsebrush

Horsehead Philodendron

Horsetail

Hot Pepper

Hound's Tongue

Houseleek

Hurricane Plant

Hyacinth

Hydrangea

Iceland Poppy

Indian Hemp

Indian Mustard

Indian Pink

Indian Poke

Indian Rubber Plant

Indian Tobacco

Indian Turnip *1

Inkberry

Iris (All Kinds)

Iris Ivy

Irish Potato

Italian Arum

Ivy (All Kinds)

Jack-In-The-Pulpit

Jackolanter (Mushroom)

Jack-O'lantern Fungus

Jamestown Weed

Janet Craig Dracaena

Japanese Andromeda

Japanese Aucumba

Japanese Boxwood

Japanese Honeysuckle

Japanese Pagoda Tree

Japanese Pieris

Japanese Plum *4

Japanese Poinsettia Japanese Show Lily *

Japanese Show Lily

Japanese Skimmia

Japanese Wisteria

Japanese Yew

Jasmine *7

Jasmine Confederate

Java Beans

Jequirity Bean

Jerusalem Cherry / Solanum Pseudocapsicum

Jessamine

Jetberry Bush

Jewled Deathcap

Jimson Weed

Johnson Grass

Jonquil

Jungle Trumpets

Juniper

Kaffir Lily

Kalanchoe

Kentucky Coffee Tree

Klamath Weed

Kochia

Lablab

Laburnum

Lace Fern

Lacy Tree

Lacy Tree Philodendron

Lady Slipper Orchid

Lambkill

Lamb's Quarters

Lantana

Large-Leaved Lupine

Larkspur *1

Laurel

Leadwort

Leafy Spurge

Leatherwood

Lemon Scented Gum

Lemon Yellow Lepiota

Lenten Rose

Leopard’s Bane

Ligustrum / Japonicum'texanum

Lilac Daphne

Lily (Most Forms)

Lima Bean

Live Forever

Lobelia

Locoweed

Loquat

Lords And Ladies

Low Larkspur

Lucerne

Lucky Clover

Lupine *7

Macadamia Nut (tree, plant & nuts)

Madagascar Dragon Tree

Madagascar Periwinkle

Madeira Ivy

Magic Lily

Maidenhair Tree

Maleberry

Mandarin

Mandevilla

Mandrake (May Apple) *7

Mango

Manioc

Many Warts

Marble Queen

Marigold

Marijuana *5

Marsh Arrow Grass

Marsh Horsetail

Marsh Marigold (Cowslip)

Marvel Of Peru

Matrimony Vine *7

Mauna Loa Peace Lily

Mayapple (Mandrake) *7

Meadow Garlic

Meadow Saffron

Medicinal Aloe

Menzies Larkspur

Mescal Bean/Buttons *7

Metel

Mexican Breadfruit

Mexican Poppy

Mexican Pricklepoppy

Mexican Tea

Milfoil

Milkbush

Milkweed Common

Milo

Miniature Croton

Mistletoe & Mistletoe Fig

Mitsu-Ba

Mock Orange *4

Mole Plant

Monkey Agaric Mushrooms

Monkey Pod

Monkshood

Monstera

Moon Flower

Moonseed

Moonweed *6

Morning Glory *5

Moses In The Cradle

Mother-In Law's Tongue

Motherwort

Mountain Andromeda

Mountain Fetterbush

Mountain Hydrengia

Mountain Laurel

Mountain Snuff

Mountain Tobacco

Mum

Mushrooms *7

Naked Brimcap

Naked Ladies

Naked-Flowered Sneezeweed

Nandina

Narcissus / Paperwhites & Other Winter Forced Bulbs

Narrow-Leaved Vetch

Needlepoint Ivy

Nephthytis

Nettle

Nicotiana / Ornamental Tobacco

Night Blooming Jessamine/Jasmine

Nightshade

Northern Water-Hemlock

Nutmeg *5

Nux Vomica

Oak (leaves & acorns)

Oak Leaf Hydrangea

Oats (growing oats, not processed)

Ohio Buckeye

Oleander

Onion

Opium Poppy

Orange Day Lily

Oranges *1

Oriental Lily *

Ornithogalum

Orpine

Osage-Orange

Oxalis

Oyster Plant

Painted Buckeye

Painted Nettle

Panda

Panther

Panther Cap Mushrooms

Partridge Pea

Pasque Flower

Pathos *3

Paw Paw / Pawpaw

Peace Lity

Peach *1 & *4

Pear

Peegee Hydrangea

Pencil Cactus

Pencil Tree

Peony

Pepper Chili

Pepper Face

Pepper Vine

Periwinkle *5

Pernettya

Persian Violet

Peruvian Lily

Petty Spurge

Peyote *5

Philodendron *3

Pickaback Plant

Pigeonberry

Piggyback Plant

Pigskin Poison Puffball

Pigweed

Pimpernal

Pin Cherry

Pinapple

Pink Lady's-Slipper

Pinkroot

Plum *1

Plumbago

Plumosa Fern

Poinciana

Poinsettia / E. Pulcherrima *2

Poison Fool’s Parsley

Poison Hemlock *7

Poison Ivy

Poison Oak

Poison Paxillus

Poison Suckleya

Poison Sumac

Poison Vetch

Poke

Pokeberry

Pokeweed *1

Ponderosa Pine

Pop Mum *2

Popcorn Tree

Poppy - all kinds

Pot

Pot Mum *4

Potato (skins or green potatos)

Pothos

Powder Puff Lily

Precatory Bean

Precatory Pea

Prickly Comfrey

Prickly Lettuce

Prickly Pear Cactus

Prickly Poppy

Pride Of Barbados

Primrose

Primula

Privet *4

Prostrate Pigweed

Prunes *1

Purple Cockle

Purple Locoweed

Purple Queen Tradescantia

Purple Seasbane

Purple Vetch

Pyracabtha

Queen Anne’s Lace

Queensland Nut (Tree)

Rabbit Ears Cactus

Radish

Ragwort

Rain Lily

Rain Tree

Rainbow Pinks

Raisins / Grapes (all kinds)

Rapeseed

Rattle Bush

Rattlebox

Rattleweed

Raw Eggs

Red Berried Elder

Red Buckeye

Red Cedar

Red Chokecherry

Red Clover

Red Cole

Red Emerald

Red Hot Cattail

Red Lily

Red Maple

Red Mulberry

Red Oak

Red Princess *3

Red Sage

Red Sorrel

Red Spider Lily

Red Squill

Redbird Flower

Red-Margined Dracaena

Redroot Pigweed

Reed Canarygrass

Resurrection Lily

Rhododendron Ficus

Rhubarb Leaves *7

Ribbon Plant

Rock Poppy

Rosary Pea

Rosemary Bog

Rosemary Pea

Roseroot

Rubber Euphorbia

Rubber Plant (most types)

Rubrum Lily

Rue

Russian Knapweed

Saddle Leaf Philodendron

Sago Palm

Saint Johns Wort

Salt

Saskatoon (a serviceberry)

Sassafrass

Sassy Jack

Satin Pothos

Scarlet Pimpernel

Scheffilera Tree

Scootberry

Scotch Broom

Sea Daffodil

Sea Onion

Seaside Arrow-Grass

Sedum

Senecio

Sensitive Fern

Shamrock

Sheep Laurel

Sheep Sorrel

Shell Flower

Shell Ginger

Shoofly Plant

Showy Lady's-Slipper

Showy Milkweed

Shrubby Yew Podocarpus

Shurb Verbena

Siberian Scilla

Siberian Squill

Sicklepod

Sierra Laurel

Silky Lupine

Silky Oak

Silver Pothos

Silvery Lupine

Singletary Pea

Skunk Cabbage *1

Slipper Flower

Small Lupine

Smooth Pigweed

Snakeberry

Snakeplant

Sneezeweed

Snow On The Mountain

Snowberry

Snowdrops

Soapberry

Soapwort

Solomons Seal

Sorghum

Sorrel

Sour Dock (Sorrel)

Sowbread

Spathe Flower

Spatulate-Leaved Heliotrope

Spider Lily

Spider Mum *2/4

Spinach

Spindletree & Seeds

Split Leave Philodendron

Spotted Cowbane

Spotted Dumb Cane

Spotted Laurel

Spotted Water Hemlock

Sprangeri Fern

Spreading Dogbane

Spring Meadow Saffron

Spurge

Spurge Laurel

Spurge Nettle

Squaw Weed

Squirrel Corn

St. John's-Wort

Staggerweed

Star Leaf

Star Of Bethlehem

Stargazer Lily

Stinging Nettle

Stinking Cedar

Stinking Hellebore

Stinking Rabbitbrush

Stinkweed

Stonecrop

Strawberry Bush

Strawberry Tomato

String Of Pearls

Striped Dracaena

Sudan Grass

Sulfur Tuft

Summer Pheasant’s Ee

Sun Spurge

Sunflower

Supplejack

Swamp Laurel

Sweet Bubby Bush

Sweet Cherry

Sweet Clover

Sweet Pea

Sweet Shrub

Sweetheart Ivy

Sweetpea

Swiss-Cheese Plant

Tailflower

Tall Larkspur

Tall Manna Grass

Tangier Pea

Tansy

Tansy Mustard

Tansy Ragwort

Tapioca

Taro Vine

Tartarian Honeysuckle

Tea

Thimbleweed

Thin-Leaved Snowberry

Thistle Yew

Thorn-Apple

Tiger Lily

Timber Milk Vetch

Toadstools

Tobacco

Tomato (fruit, stem & leaves)

Tomato Vine *7

Torreya

Tree Philodendron

Tree Tobacco

Tree Vetch

Tree-Of-Heaven

Trefoil

Trifoliate Orange

Trillium

Tropic Snow Dumbcane

Trumpet Creeper

Trumpet Flower

Tuberen Squill

Tuberous Begonia

Tulip

Tung (tree & nut)

Turkey Corn

Twisted Stalk

Two Leaved Squill

Two-Grooved Milk-Vetch

Umbrella Plant *4

Variable Dieffenbachia

Varigrated Philodendron

Veined Dock

Velvety Goldenrod

Vetch

Vinca

Viper’s Bugloss

Virgin’s Bower

Virginia Creeper

Wahoo

Wake Robin

Walnuts

Warneckei Dracaena

Water Arum

Water Dragon

Water Hemlock *6

Water Lettuce

Watermelon Plant

Wax Begonia

Waxberry

Weeping Fig *2

West Indian Lantana

Western Bleedingheart

Western Minniebush

Western Poison-Oak

Western Water-Hemlock

Western Yew *4

White Camas

White Clover

White Cohosh

White Mulberry

White Oak

White Potato

White Rose-Bay

White Snakeroot

Wicky

Wicopy

Widow’s Tears

Wild Cabbage

Wild Calla

Wild Carrot

Wild Cherries *1

Wild False Indigo

Wild Garlic

Wild Ginger

Wild Indigo

Wild Mustard

Wild Onion

Wild Parsnip

Wild Radish

Wild Tomato

Windflower

Windsor Bean

Winter Daphne

Wisteria *1

Wolfberry

Wolfsbane

Wonder Flower

Wood Lily

Woodnettle

Woolly Croton

Wormseed

Wormwood

Yarrow

Yaupon Holly

Yellow Allamanda

Yellow Buckeye

Yellow Dock

Yellow Iris

Yellow Jasmine

Yellow Jessamine

Yellow Lady's-Slipper

Yellow Patches

Yellow Pleasted Parasol

Yellow Rocket

Yellow Sage

Yellow Star

Yellow Toadflax

Yellow Wart

Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow

Yew (Most Forms) *4

Yucca

Zephyr Lily

Zulu Potato

 

 

LEGEND:

  *1

In most cases it is the Stem, Seeds and Leaves that cause the problems; diarrhea, vomiting&/or abdominal pain.  The seeds of most fruits contain cyanide, which is poisonous to dogs as well as humans

  *2 Can cause irritation/rash if in contact with skin
  *3 Can cause irritation/swelling in tongue and lips
  *4 Can cause abdominal pain/cramps, diarrhea, &/or vomiting. Some of these plants can cause tumors, heart & respiratory &/or kidney problems
  *5 Hallucinogens
  *6 Can cause convulsions
  *7 Other toxic effects
  *8 Buckwheat "flour" is an ingredient approved  by the American FDA for use in dog food

 

OTHER COMMON ITEMS (INCLUDING COMMONLY USED HUMAN DRUGS) THAT ARE VERY TOXIC TO ANIMALS &/OR PROVEN TO CAUSE NEUROTOXICITY IN DOGS:

 

One of the worst killers of herding bred (also called collie-type) dogs is IVERMECTIN (also known as AVERMECTIN). Vets often tell people that Heartguard and/or Heartguard Plus are safe for Aussies, THEY ARE NOT!!!! We cannot stress often enough that these drugs have killed many Aussies. The only "safe" heartworm medication that we know of at this time is INTERCEPTOR. If you own horses, please be extremely careful when you worm them, don't let your Aussies near the area and make sure that any wormer spit out by your horse(s) is cleaned up. The "left-overs" can kill your dog!

 

Abamectin

Acanol

Acarexx

Ace

Acepro

Aceproject

Acepromazine (tranquilizer and pre-anesthetic agent)

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Acevet

ACP

Acqta

Adhesives

Adriamycin

Adriblastina

Advantage DUO

Alcohol

Algae toxins

Anti-Diarrheal Formula

Antifreeze

Aspirin in higher doses

Atopica

Atravet

Avermectin

Avocado

Batteries

Battery Acids

Bimectin

Bleach

BMD/Ivomec

Boric acid

Brake fluid

Butorphanol (analgesic and pre-anesthetic agent)

Caelyx

Carbon monoxide

Carburetor cleaner

Chocolate (all forms of chocolate)

Cicloral

Ciclosporin

Cigarettes & cigars

Citomid Citronella candles Cleaning fluid
Cocoa mulch

Coffee grounds & beans

Compost piles

Cosmetics Cryoperacid

Cyclosporine

Dental floss

Deodorants

Deodorizers

Deroser

Detergent

Diahalt

Diamode

Diarr-Eze

Diarrhea Relief

Digibind

Digitalis

Digoxin

Disinfectants

Dolorex

Doxil

Doxolem

Doxorubicin (chemotherapy agent)

Doxotec

Drain Cleaners

Dye

Ecomectin

Equell

Equimax

Equimectrin

Eqvalan

Fire extinguisher fluid

Fireworks

Fungicides

Furniture polish

Garden Fertilizer

Gasoline

Gasoline

Gengraf

Hair coloring

Heartguard

Herbicides

Household cleaners

Human medications: diet pills, etc.

Hurplex

Hydroxydaunomycin

Hydroxydoxorubicin

Hydroxyldaunorubicin

Ibuprofen (Advil)

Immodium

Immulem

Imogen

Imperim

Insecticides & pest baits: (i.e. strychnine, warfarin and others)

Isopropyl alcohol

Ivercare

Ivercide

Iverhart

Ivermectin (antiparasitic agent)

Iver-On

Iversol

Ivexterm

Ivomec

Kao-Paverin

Kerosene

Lanoxicaps

Lanoxin

Lawn & garden chemicals & fertizilers

Laxatives / Antidiarrheal meds containing Loperamide (Immodium)

Lead

Lemblastine

Leurocristine

Lighter fluid

Lighter fluid

Lomotil

Lop

Loperacap

Loperamide (ImodiumTM; antidiarrheal agent)

Lye

Mapluxin

Matches

Mectizan

Megamectin

Metal polish

Milbemycin (antaparasitic agent) Mineral spirits Modusik-A

Mothballs

Motor oil

Mouldy/spoiled foods

Moxidectin (antaparasitic agent)

Myocet

Nail polish & polish remover

Neoral

Nodiamex

Noromectin

Oncovin

Onions / onion powder

Optimmune

Oven cleaner

Oxicina

Paint

Paint remover

Paint thinner

Panomec

Pennies (post-1982 in particular because of zinc content

Permanent-wave lotion

Permidal

Petroleum Products: gasoline, motor oil, paint, paint thinner, lighter fluid

Phenol Phoenectin

Photographic developer

Potpourris - liquid or dry

Pramidal

Primectin

Privermectin

PromAce
Rat poison

Raxamida

Rediarin

Restasis

Rubber bands

Rubbing alcohol

Rubex

Salt

Sandimmune

SangCya

Selamectin (antaparasitic agent)

Shoe polish

Sleeping pills Snail or slug bait Soap
Soda pop

Some snakes, insects and toads

SparMectin

Stadol

String

Stromectol

Strychnine

Suntan lotion

Supremunn

Tar

Tea

Tobacco

Toilet bowl cleaner/deodorizers

Top-Dal

Torbugesic

Torbutrol

Torphajet

Toys with removable parts, hard eyes, noses, etc.

Tri-Heart

Turpentine

Unimectrin

Valfam

Velban

Velbe

Vinblastine (chemotherapy agent)

Vinblax

Vincasar

Vincrex

Vincristine (chemotherapy agent)

Vintec

Virbamec

Warfarin

Weed killers

Windshield-washer fluid

Wood preservatives

Xylitol (artificial sweetener)

Yarn

Yeast / yeast dough

Zimecterin

 

 

DRUGS SUSPECTED TO CAUSE NEUROTOXICITY IN DOGS (RESEARCH IS ONGOING):

 

Abraxane

Analfin

Apokyn

Asotax

Astramorph

Avinza

Biquin

Bris Taxol

Chinidinum

Cin-Quin

DepoDur

Doloral

Domperidone

Duralmor

Duramorph

EPEG

Etopophos

Etopos

Etoposide

Formyxan

Graten

Infumorph

IsonaRif

Kadian

M-Eslon

Mitoxantrone

Mitroxone

Morphine

MOS

Motilium

MS Contin (MSC)

MSIR

Neotalem

Novantrone

Ondansetron

Onxol

Oramorph

Paclisan

Paclitaxel

Praxel

Quinact

Quinaglute

Quinalan

Quinatime

Quinidex

Quinidine

Quinora

Rifadin

Rifamate

Rifampicin

Rifampin

Rifater

Rimactane

RMS

RMS

Rofact

Roxanol

Roxanol

Statex

Taxol

Toposar

Vepesid

VP-Tec

Zofran

 

 

 

See further down the page for more information about MDR1 - multiple drug resistance deficiency and some of the drugs commonly used that can kill your pet! There is now an inexpensive test that can be done to determine if your dog has this deficiency...over 50% of dogs do!

 

~ Always clean up spills immediately…just one lick of antifreeze can kill your pets Use only "safe" antifreeze that says it's non-toxic for pets and wildlife
~ Read the labels of all products to see whether they're non-toxic or not
~ Keep all medications, cleaners, and chemicals in a closed cupboard with a secure fastener well out of the reach of pets and children. Even matches can be toxic!
~ Do not keep poisonous plants in your garden or house. Remember even hanging plants can fall or be jumped onto by cats
~ And most importantly, if your pet seems to be ill, don't medicate it yourself unless under the direction of your veterinarian. Simple medicines, like aspirin, Advil®, or Tylenol®, can be poisonous to pets
~ If your pets get any unknown substance (or known poisonous substance, like paint) on their fur, quickly clean it off. Don't wait for your pets to lick it off; it could be poisonous.
~ Be aware while you're using chemicals and cleaners. Don't let your pet in the room after spraying insecticides. Don't let your pet in your yard after treating for pests or weeds. Don't let your pet in the garage while you work on the car using or replacing fluids, like grease, antifreeze, brake fluid, etc.
~ Just because your house and yard are poison-proof doesn't mean your neighborhood is, so don't let your pets outside to roam unattended. An open garage door or freshly-sprayed yard can mean danger to your unsuspecting and curious pet.
~ Be sure the label of any product you may use on your pets (like flea and tick products and shampoos) specifies that it is safe for that particular species. Many dog products can harm cats and vice versa.
~ Be very careful about feeding human food to your pets. Chocolate, mushrooms & onions can be toxic. And anything too spoiled or moldy for you to eat is too rotten for your pets.

 

Signs of Poisoning:

 

No matter how careful you are, your pets may one day fall victim to poison. If you suspect this, call your veterinarian immediately and report your pet's symptoms. Do not wait to see if the symptoms go away. (In the case of antifreeze poisoning, a dog may act drunk for several hours and then show no symptoms at all for another one to seven hours.)

 

Meanwhile, keep your pet as warm and dry as possible. If you can figure out the source of the poison, take it or a sample with you to the vet. Also take along the poison's container, if possible, since many labels list the antidote.

 

If you suspect poisoning, get to your veterinarian as soon as possible!

 

If you're unsure of the source of the poison, check to see if your pet has been chewing or playing with something questionable like spilled or opened containers of medicine, spoiled food, garbage, etc. An abnormal odor on your pet's breath or body could also signify that your pet has been into something dangerous. Burns or tender areas on the skin or mouth could indicate that your pet has eaten something toxic.

 

ROUTE OF POISON

EXAMPLES

SYMPTOMS

Ingested by mouth

medicines, chemicals-antifreeze, oil, tar, cleaning fluids, polishes, insecticides, weed killer, fertilizers, paints, solvents

stomach and bowel symptoms like cramps, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea; weakness, drooling, slow breathing

Inhaled

fumes from cleaning fluid, gasoline, kerosene, lacquer thinner, airplane glue, automobile or heater exhaust smoke, gas leaks, etc.

coughing, sneezing, shortness of breath, blueness of the lining of the mouth. Difficulty breathing leading to no breathing at all in serious cases

Absorbed by mouth or skin

paint solvents, kerosene, tar, insecticides, strong soaps, acids, and alkalines

redness and irritation on the affected area; possible severe irritation of the eyes and mouth

Injected under the skin

insect bites, snake bites

pain and swelling at the point of contact; general effects on breathing and circulation--the nervous system in general

 

Malicious Poisoning:

 

If you suspect the poisoning was malicious and not accidental, contact your local humane society, animal control agency or police department and provide the necessary information for a full report and investigation. If your pet dies, have an autopsy performed by a veterinarian to determine the exact cause of death. Although this procedure is expensive, it is necessary if charges are brought against a suspected malicious poisioner.

 

Keep your veterinarian's regular and emergency numbers handy!

 

Another excellent site for poisonous plant info is http://www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants

 

Emergency Poison Control Centre Contacts:

 

ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (USA)
1-888-426-4435

http://www.aspca.org/site/PageServer?pagename=apcc

 

Universal Poison Control Hotline
1-800-222-1222

 

Poison Control Hotline - USA
1-800-548-2423
($30.00/case, credit cards only; follow-up calls no extra charge)

1-900-680-0000
($20.00 for 5 minutes, plus $2.95 each additional minute, $20.00 minimum, no follow ups)

~ ~ ~

Toxicology information

http://www.upei.ca/~toxinfo/news.htm

 

MDR1 - Multiple Drug Resistance Deficiency

 

Molecular biological research is proving that MANY herding breed dogs suffer a genetic flaw called MDR1 - multiple drug resistance deficiency. In sum, the barrier (P-glycoprotein) that protects the brain by transporting a variety of drugs from the brain tissues back into the capillaries is flawed. This is the root cause of the disastrous neurological effects, including death, caused by the ingestion of ivermectin. But, IT'S NOT JUST IVERMECTIN (also known as AVERMECTIN, and the anti-parasitic used in the trade name drug Heartguard and commonly used to treat demodic mange).

 

It's also almost certainly these drugs (alternate names, common usage, and trade names follow the generic name) that cause problems...

  • Metronidazole (diarrhea and giardia)

  • Flagyl; Rozex; Metrogel

  • Butorphanol (pain relief after spay/neuter; cough suppressant and canine flu)

  • Torbutol; Butorphic; Dolorex; Morphasol; Turbogesic

  • Acepromazine (tranquilizer/calming agent and pre-anesthetic) Ace; ACP; Atravet

  • Cyclosporine or Ciclosporin (allergy treatment/immunosuppresant)

  • Sandimmune; Neoral; Cicloral; Gengraf; Restasis

  • Vinblastine and Vincristine (chemotherapy for cancers & leukemia)

  • cancer regimens called CHOP and Stanford V

  • Doxurobicin or Adriamycin or Hydroxyldaunorubicin (chemotherapy for cancers & leukemia)

  • Doxil; cancer regimens called ABVD, CHOP, and FAC

  • Loperamide (diarrhea)

  • Immodium; Lopex; Dimor; Pepto

  • Digoxin (heart ailments)

  • Digitalis (Foxglove) family

Additionally, neurotoxicity in dogs with the MDR1 genetic flaw is suspected to have been caused by:

  • Ondansetron (nausea and vomiting)

  • Zofran; Emeset; Emetron; Ondemet

  • Domperidone (nausea, vomiting, and to stimulate lactation)

  • Motilium

  • Paclitaxel (cancer)

  • Taxol; Abraxane

  • Mitoxantrone (cancer/leukemia)

  • Etoposide (cancer/leukemia)

  • Eposin; Etopophos; Vepeside; VP-16

  • Rifampicin or Rifampin (antibiotic - infections, influenza, pneumonia, staph, meningitis)

  • Rifadin; Rifater; Rimactane; Rifinah; Rimactazid

  • Quinidine (heart)

  • Morphine (pain relief, anesthesia, cough suppressant, anti-diarrheal, shortness of breath)

Drugs that are known to be pumped out of the brain by the protein that the MDR1 gene is responsible for producing but appear to be safely tolerated by dogs with the MDR1 mutation:

  • Cyclosporin (immunosuppressive agent)-While we know that cyclosporin is pumped by P-glycoprotein (the protein encoded by the MDR1 gene), we have not documented any increased sensitivity to this drug in dogs with the MDR1 mutation compared to “normal” dogs. Therefore, we do not recommend altering the dose of cyclosporin for dogs with the MDR1 mutation, but we do recommend therapeutic drug monitoring.

  • Digoxin (cardiac drug)- While we know that digoxin is pumped by P-glycoprotein (the protein encoded by the MDR1 gene), we have not documented any increased sensitivity to this drug in dogs with the MDR1 mutation compared to “normal” dogs.Therefore, we do not recommend altering the dose of digoxin for dogs with the MDR1 mutation, but do recommend therapeutic drug monitoring.

  • Doxycycline (antibacterial drug)- While we know that doxycycline is pumped by P-glycoprotein (the protein encoded by the MDR1 gene), we have not documented any increased sensitivity to this drug in dogs with the MDR1 mutation compared to “normal” dogs.  Therefore, we do not recommend altering the dose of doxycycline for dogs with the MDR1 mutation.

Drugs that may be pumped out by the protein that the MDR1 is responsible for producing, but appear to be safely tolerated by dogs with the MDR1 mutation:

  • Morphine, buprenorphine, fentanyl (opioid analgesics or pain medications)-We suspect that these drugs are pumped by P-glycoprotein (the protein encoded by the MDR1 gene) in dogs because they have been reported to be pumped by P-glycoprotein in people, but we are not aware of any reports of toxicity caused by these drugs in dogs with the MDR1 mutation.We do not have specific dose recommendations for these drugs for dogs with the MDR1 mutation.

The following drugs have been reported to be pumped by P-glycoprotein (the protein encoded by the MDR1) in humans, but there is currently no data  (this can change at any time) stating whether they are or are not pumped by canine P-glycoprotein.Therefore we suggest using caution when administering these drugs to dogs with the MDR1 mutation.

• Domperidone
• Etoposide
• Mitoxantrone
• Ondansetron
• Paclitaxel
• Rifampicin

There are many other drugs that have been shown to be pumped by human P-glycoprotein (the protein encoded by the MDR1 gene), but data is not yet available with regard to their effect in dogs with the MDR1 mutation.

Credit for this information goes to:

Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory

PO Box 2280

Pullman, WA 99165-2280

(Phone/FAX 509-335-3745)

VCPL@vetmed.wsu.edu

You can learn more about the MDR1 defect and about testing your herding breed dog by going to their website at

 http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts-VCPL or go direct to the instructions page at http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts-VCPL/test.aspx for more information about ordering a test kit that you do yourself.  The test is $70 per dog for 1-4 and $60 for 5 or more (as of November 2010).

PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE

Do not leave it up to your vet to know all of this ... YOU must print this out and know about MDR1 ... it IS a matter of life or death.

 

If you have found this page to be of help, please feel free to cross-post a link to this webpage. It's also not just Aussies - affected breeds include Collies, Shetland Sheepdogs (Shelties), Australian Shepherds, Old English Sheepdogs, German Shepherds, Long-haired Whippets, Silken Windhounds, Skye Terriers, and a variety of mixed breed dogs.

 

The above information is a compilation of many many different websites, books, email from vets and concerned dog owners. I don’t take credit for anything other than trying to put it all in one document! Please also share any stories you may have on this subject or any other known toxins that I've missed. I try and update this page every time I get new information to share!

 

This page last updated 29 March 2015 09:57 AM

 

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